FRAT Tutorial

1.  After downloading the FRAT, click on the FRAT icon and open the application.  The first screen that will appear is the disclaimer screen.  The disclaimer states that the developer is not liable for use of the FRAT.  As stated in 14 CFR  FAR Part 91, 91.3(a): “The pilot in command of an aircraft is directly responsible for, and is the final authority as to, the operation of that aircraft.”  As well in 14 CFR, FAR Part 91, 91.103: “Each pilot in command shall, before beginning a flight, become familiar with all available information concerning that flight.”

The use of the FRAT is an aid to help the pilot assess possible hazards and risk factors.  It does not make a Go-No-Go decision for the pilot.  It is a risk management tool that must be used with other resources to evaluate the safety of a flight.  If you click on “Disagree” the application will close and you will not be able to use the FRAT.

2.  Once you agree to the terms of the Disclaimer, the main menu will appear.  A pop up message informing you that you have not completed the Airman Profile section will appear . The Airman Profile is necessary because the FRAT uses your flight experience  and time in type for a default aircraft as part of the risk assessment.

3.  The Airman Profile requests basic information about you and your flight experience.  It also has a section titled “Apple Watch WX Airports.”  You can enter up to 6 airports with the ICAO identifier, e.g., KLOS, KSFO, KATL, etc. as default airports.  Since input to the Apple Watch is limited, the 6 default airports allows you to select METARs quickly by selecting the desired airport.  More about the Apple Watch will be covered later in this tutorial.  Once you are done, click on the “Save” button.  Saving your profile also sends the 6 default airports to your Apple Watch as long as you have paired the watch to your iPhone and have installed the Apple Watch companion application.  Remember, your Apple Watch only pairs to an iPhone.  If you are using the FRAT on an iPad, you do not have to fill out the Apple Watch WX Airports.  After saving your profile, you will be returned to the main menu.

5. Main Menu  

Airman Profile:  Covered in 3. Above.

Risk Assessment:  The  pilot can conduct a risk assessment by answering questions about the type of flight, human factors, environment, etc.

Safety Resources: Seven additional safety resources are available, such as 1-800-WX-Brief, CSRA DUATS,, NOTAMS, Safety Discussions & Notices and information on Risk Management.

TFR Map:  An in App view of the FAA TFR site.

Where Am I:  Map view of the pilots current location with a zoom in function, latitude/longitude coordinates, and elevation.

WX Snap Shot:  Uses default airport set in Airman Profile, but an input field lets the pilot enter any airport.

Assessment Guide:  Information on the FRAT, PAVE Checklist and I’M SAFE checklist.

6.  The Airman Profile information is automatically transferred into the Risk Assessment.  You can change any of the default data if needed.  A new feature allows the pilot to modify the total Risk Factor by either selecting an increased Risk Factor of (L) low, or (M) moderate, depending on the aircraft being flown.  For example, a pilot may want to increase the aircraft Risk Factor due to navigation or communications systems that are placarded inoperative.  Although the system may not be required by regulation for the mission being flown, it may increase risk due to increased work load. The pilot then selects the type of flight, VFR or IFR.  The selection will enables or disables certain sections of the Risk Assessment as they are not applicable to the type of flight selected.  The pilot will then use the question switches to create their risk assessment.  As the pilot selects each condition that applies, the Risk Factor Score at the bottom of the screen will update as well as the Risk Slider at the top of the page will indicate the Risk Level movement.

At the bottom of the screen on the left and right side of the Risk Factor Score are envelope and camera icons.  Clicking the envelope will allow the pilot to email the Risk Assessment to his or her CFI or other person for feedback.  The cameral icon will allow the airman to take a picture of the Risk Assessment and save it to their iphone  ®.

At the top right of the screen is a Risk Matrix link that will show the airman the Risk Matrix used to calculate their risk level.

7.  Apple Watch:  FRAT METARs are available on the Modular and Utility Large displays on your Apple Watch .

        Image A.  Complication View:  Shows the airport, observation time and weather category (VFR/IFR/MVFR/LIFR/CLR).  Winds (W:) and altimeter (A:) as well as temperature which is selectable in either Fahrenheit or Celcius.  Touching the watch face will open the METAR.

        Image B.  Metar View:  The METAR view shows the decode weather for your default airport set in the Airman Profile on your phone.  You can scroll down to see the altimeter, elevation of the airport and pressure altitude (PA) and density altitude (DA).  The “IDENT” button pulls up your six Apple Watch WX Airports (Image C) set in your Airman Profile.

        Image C.  Apple Watch WX Airports View: By touching the “IDENT”  button (Image B.) you can select any of the six default airports set in your Airman Profile and your watch will show the Meter for that airport.  You can also use the Microphone or Scribble features to enter another airport not on the list.  Until you change the selected airport, the watch will continue to get weather for the new airport and not the default airport in your Airman Profile.  One of your 6 default airports should be your home field.

        Image D.  All Airports:  By pressing the “All METARS” button you are presented with METARS of your six default airports located in your Airman Profile.

        Image E.  Notifications:  You can enable Notifications on your paired iphone for the FRAT.  The FRAT will then periodically check the airport Meter for updates. If new weather is received, a Notification will be sent to your Apple Watch.  Touching the watch face will open the expanded METAR view (Image B).






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